Exploring the Apache Web Server

You probably already know how to use the Web, but you may not know how to set up a Web server so you, too, can provide information to the world through Web pages. To become an information provider on the Web, you have to run a Web server on your Fedora Core PC on the Internet. You also have to prepare the Web pages for your Web site — a task that may be more demanding than the Web server setup.

gao.gov Web site as viewed with the Mozilla Web browser.

Why is it called Apache?

According to the information about the Apache Web server project on www.apache.org/ foundation/faq.html, the Apache group was formed in March 1995 by a number of people who provided patch files that had been written to fix bugs in NCSA HTTPD 1.3. The result after applying the patches to NCSA HTTPD was what they called a patchy server (that's how the name Apache came about). The Apache Group has now evolved into The Apache Software Foundation (ASF), a nonprofit corporation that was incorporated in Delaware, U.S.A., in June 1999. ASF has a number of other ongoing projects. You can read about these projects at www.apache.org. In particular, visit httpd.apache.org for more information about the Apache Web server project.

According to the April 2004 Netcraft Web Server Survey at news.netcraft.com/ archives/web_server_survey.html, the Apache Web server is the most popular — 66.99 percent of the 49,750,568 sites reported using the Apache server. Microsoft Internet Information Server (IIS) is a distant second, with 21.49 percent of the sites.

Among the available Web servers, the Apache Web server is the most popular, and it comes with Fedora Core. The Apache Web server started out as an improved version of the NCSA HTTPD server but soon grew into a separate development effort. Like NCSA HTTPD, the Apache server is developed and maintained by a team of collaborators. Apache is freely available over the Internet.

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