Configuring the Apache Web Server

The Apache Web server software uses these files and directories:

♦ The Web server program—httpd — is installed in the /usr/sbin directory.

♦ The Apache Web server configuration file — httpd.conf —is located in the /etc/httpd/conf directory. The configuration file is a text file with directives that specify various aspects of the Web server (a later section describes the Apache directives).

♦ The Apache Web server treats files with a .conf extension in the /etc/httpd/ conf.d directory as configuration files for Apache modules such as mod_perl, mod_python, mod_ssl, and so on. For example, the /etc/httpd/conf.d directory contains the configuration information that SSL needs.

♦ The Apache Web server is set up to serve the HTML documents from the /var/www/html directory. Therefore, you should place your Web pages in this directory.

♦ If you have any Common Gateway Interface (CGI) programs — programs the Web server can invoke to access other files and databases —you should place these in the /var/www/cgi-bin / directory.

♦ The /var/log/httpd directory is meant for Web server log files (access logs and error logs).

♦ The / etc/init.d/httpd script starts the httpd process as your Linux system boots. You can type the command /etc/init.d/httpd start to run the Web server (another way is to type service httpd start).

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