Port Sweeps

A port sweep is a reconnaissance method similar to a port scan. However, instead of enumerating accessible services on a single host, a port sweep checks for the availability of a single service on multiple hosts. From a security perspective, port sweeps can give cause for greater concern than port scans since they frequently imply that a system has been compromised by a worm and is looking for other targets to infect. If a network is running a lot of Windows systems (which are usually a primary target of worm activity), then detecting port sweeps is more important than detecting port scans. However, even early detection may not mean very much in the face of worms such as the SQL Slammer worm that infected tens of thousands of systems worldwide within minutes; by the time the worm is detected, it is most likely already too late to do anything about it. When a fast spreading worm like Slammer is initially unleashed, the time required to write a new Snort signature and distribute it is far longer than the time the worm takes to infect nearly every vulnerable system. Intrusion prevention systems may be able to block the worm once a solid signature exists, but the best way to limit a worm is to patch the vulnerabilities that it exploits. Still, detecting port sweeps coming from your internal network can be a good way to identify infected systems (and, fortunately, not all worms spread as rapidly as the Slammer worm).

Nmap can easily apply all of its scanning abilities to sweep entire networks for particular services. For example, if an attacker has an exploit for an SSH daemon, Nmap can find all accessible instances of this service in the entire subnet as follows:

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