Open Ports Daemons

Your firewall should be as secure as possible. Disable all unused services and configure the used ones with security in mind. If you are running Squid or another proxy server on the firewall, make sure that only this port is open. Daemons such as Telnet, File Transfer Protocol (FTP), Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) and others should be shut down in almost all situations. In many situations, you may require the ability to remotely administer your firewall. Still, consider disabling all login to the outside interface.

In many situations, it is best to allow only interactive logins at your firewall. This way, you need only secure the firewall's physical security. If you must, use only a relatively secure login application, such as Secure Shell (SSH).You could also consider Kerberos, although this requires you to open several additional ports. Even using one-time passwords (OTP) at the firewall is a solution, although the use of OTP does not encrypt the data that subsequently passes from your system to the router. If you do need to leave certain ports open, be prepared to conduct regular scans of your firewall to test the daemons listening on these ports. As suggested earlier, applications such as Nessus (www.nessus.org) are ideal in this type of situation.

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