Process

The kernel thread created by process 0 executes the init( ) function, which in turn completes the initialization of the kernel. Then init( ) invokes the execve( ) system call to load the executable program init. As a result, the init kernel thread becomes a regular process having its own per-process kernel data structure (see Chapter 20). The init process stays alive until the system is shut down, since it creates and monitors the activity of all processes that implement the outer layers of the operating system.

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