Installing SuSE Linux

In this section, we show you how to install SuSE Linux 8.0 on your server.

Note: We recommend using SuSE Linux Groupware Server 7 with Lotus Domino or newer instead of the SuSE Linux 8.0 Personal or SuSE Linux 8.0 Professional version. SuSE Linux Groupware Server contains SuSE Entreprise Server 7 and Lotus Domino Server. The SuSE Enterprise Server version has an extended release cycle . The SuSE Enterprise Server has also been certified by the top ISVs, such as IBM. The installation of the SuSE Groupware Server is similar to the installation of the SuSE Professional version, which we detail here.

To capture the screens you see in this book, we have installed and configured Linux in a VMware window. VMware is a product by VMware, Inc. (http://www.vmware.com) which allows you to run one operating system as a guest of another. This means that some of the screens might look sightly different from what you would see on your system. These differences are hardware-related, as VMware emulates different hardware devices for the guest operating system.

Be sure to read "Before you begin" on page 18 in order to make the installation easier. To start the installation, insert the SuSE 8.0 CD-ROM/DVD and turn on or reboot the server.

Attention: The installation process will destroy any existing data stored on your hard disk drives.

UelcoMe to SuSE Linux?

To start the installation, just press <return>.

Available boot options:

start installation (this is the defa.lt) Manual installation installation with soMe options that are needed on tricky hardware (it is in fact equivalent to "linux ide=nodMa apM=off acpi=off") start installation, use kernel with fiPIC support start rescue systeM boot installed systeM

F3=640x480 Figure 1-32 SuSE 8.0 - Welcome screen

1. When the following screen is displayed, you are ready to start the Linux installation. Ensure that F3=640x480 is highlighted and press Enter to begin the installation or wait for it to start automatically after a short pause. Once the kernel is booted and all device drivers are loaded, the SuSE installation process is ready to install the operating system. If the graphical installation fails to start please see the SuSE installation manual.

Figure 1-33 SuSE 8.0 - Language Selection

2. As shown in Figure 1-33 on page 57, you can select the language you would like to use on your system. Click on the appropriate language and click Accept.

Figure 1-34 SuSE 8.0 - Analyzing system

3. The system will begin to probe (detect) the hardware installed in your system and load the appropriate drivers for it. While this is happening, the screen shown in Figure 1-34 on page 58 is displayed.

Note: Some disk controllers require drivers supplied by the manufactor and are not supported out of the box. See http://sdb.suse.de/en/sdb/html/ for more information about installing disk drivers.

Figure 1-35 SuSE 8.0 - Default Installation Settings

4. Once all hardware has been detected, you will see the window shown in Figure 1-35 on page 59. We need to change the partitioning scheme, since the Installer's automatic settings do not provide an optimal partitioning scheme. Click on Partitioning to change the partition configuration.

Figure 1-36 SuSE 8.0 - Partitioning

5. Select Modify and click Next to change the partition configuration.

Important: You can only have four primary partitions for each hard disk drive. If you need to create more than four partitions, create three primary partitions and one extended partition that uses all the remaining disk space. You can then create all subsequent partitions in this extended partition.

Figure 1-37 SuSE 8.0 - Default Partitions

6. You will be shown the disks installed in your system and the current partitioning structure. Have a look at 1.1.3, "Partitions" on page 20 for the recommended partitions and their respective sizes. You might also want to review 4.1.1, "Linux performance" on page 212 for alternate configurations using software RAID and LVM (Logical Volume Manager).

There are two ways to change from the SuSE selected structure to the structure proposed by this book. Select the partition and click Delete to remove it, or Edit to change its settings. If the default setup is close enough to your desired partition, it may be easier to edit the options. We are going to delete all partitions and show how to set each one up.

First, we need to delete the Root partition the Installer has created. Select the Root Partition and click Delete to remove it. Click Yes to confirm that you want to delete the partition.

Figure 1-38 SuSE 8.0 - Select disk for partition

7. Specify the disk on which the partition should be created. If you only have one disk or Raid Volume Set, you will not see this screen. Click OK once the correct disk is selected.

Figure 1-39 SuSE 8.0 - Primary partition

8. Figure 1 -39 on page 63 shows the options to create either a Primary or Extended partition. For the root partition, select Primary and click OK.

Figure 1-40 SuSE 8.0 - Creation of / root partition 9. Select Format then change the File system to Ext3.
Figure 1-41 SuSE 8.0 - Entering the size of the partition

10.In the Size panel, enter the size of the partition. The default is to specify the start and end cylinders of the partition, but an easier method is to specify the size in Megabytes or Gigabytes by entering a plus sign, the size, and M or GB in the End field.

Click OK once the size is correct (we chose 3 gigs) and you have specified the correct Mount Point (the default is / which is correct for this partition).

Figure 1-42 SuSE 8.0 - Changing to Swap for the File system

11.Next we need to create the swap partition. Click Create and select the array as you did in step 7 on page 62 then select Primary as shown in step 8 on page 63.

Select Format then change the File system to Swap.

Figure 1-43 SuSE 8.0 - Entering the swap size

12.Enter the size of the SAWAP partition. The installation will automatically calculate the start cylinder based on your previous selections, so you do not need to change this value. Click OK to create the swap partition.

Figure 1-44 SuSE 8.0 - Choosing a disk for the /var partition

13.Click Create then select Extended partition. You can have up to four partitions per hard disk drive or array, so you could opt to create /var as a primary partition. We chose to create it as an extended to demonstrate how to do so. If you desire a more traditional unix-style partitioning, then you would use an extended partition to allow you to create more than four.

Figure 1-45 SuSE 8.0 - Assigning remaining space to extended partition

14.You can accept the default value to use the remaining space. If you enter a value larger than the remaining space, SuSE will automatically reduce it to fit.

Figure 1-46 SuSE 8.0 - Selecting /var as the mount point

15.Click Format, select Ext3 from the File system drop-down box, leave the default value in the End field to use all remaining disk space. Select /var from the Mount Point drop-down box. Click OK to continue.

Figure 1-47 SuSE 8.0 - Creation of the transaction logs

16.Click Create and select the next available array (sdb for our installation) as you did in step 7 on page 62 then select Primary as shown in step 8 on page 63.

Next, fill out the necessary information. Click Format, select Ext3 from the File system drop-down box, use all disk space (which is the default), and type /translogs in the Mount Point drop-down box. This will create a partition specifically for the Domino Transaction Logs. Click OK to continue.

Figure 1-48 SuSE 8.0 - Creation of the /local partition

17.Click Create and select the next available array (sdc for our installation) as you did in step 7 on page 62 then select Primary as shown in step 8 on page 63.

Once again, fill out the necessary information. Click Format, select Ext3 from the File system drop-down box, use all disk space (which is the default), and type /local in the Mount Point drop-down box. This will create a partition specifically for your Domino data. Click OK to continue.

Figure 1-49 SuSE 8.0 - Final Partition list

18.Here is the final partition list. Click Next to continue. The partitions will not be written to disk until you reach the end of the setup.

Software Selection

The SuSE Linux Default system is a good software selection for most users. You will not need to insert all of the CDs that come with SuSE Linux for this selection. Additional software from the other CDs can always be installed later.

Default with Office extends this default system to Include powerful graphical office applications.

The Minimal system includes just the bare essentials needed to safely run SuSE Linux.

This splprtinn rlnp^

Figure 1-50 SuSE 8.0 - Software Selection

Software Selection

- Software-

G Minimum system

G Minimum graphical system (without KDE) ® Default system G Default system with Office

Detailed selection.!

You have already chosen software from "Detailed selection". You will lose that selection if you change the basic selection.

Back

Abort

Next

19.Select Default System, and click on Detailed Selection as shown in Figure 1 -50 on page 74.

Figure 1-51 SuSE 8.0 - Detailed Software Selection

20.Click on the small box to select

- Advanced-Devel

- KDE Desktop Environment

- Linux Development Tools

- Help Support Documentation

Click Select single packages to add ftp and telnet.

Figure 1-52 SuSE 8.0 - Adding the FTP package

21.Select Networking/Ftp/Servers, click ftpd, then click Select/Deselect to add the FTP daemon. FTP provides an easy method by which to transfer files.

Attention: SSH can provide file transfer via scp, as well as a secure telnet-like connection. If you are going to setup SSH or already have it deployed in your environment, you will not need ftp or telnet.

Figure 1-53 SuSE 8.0 - Adding the telnet package

22.Select Networking/Other, click telnet-server, then click Select/Deselect to add the telnet daemon. Telnet provides an easy method by which to connect to a server, but SSH securely provides the same connectivity. Then click OK.

Tip: Take a moment to scroll through the selections and see if there are any other programs you would like to install. You can always add packages later with YaST2 (Yet another Setup Tool).

Note: Some packages require configuration before they can be used.

Figure 1-54 SuSE S.0 - Time zone

23.Use the scroll bar on the side to scroll down to Time Zone. Click on Time Zone to change your time zone settings.

Figure 1-55 SuSE 8.0 - Time Zone selection

24.Use the scroll bar on the side to scroll to the correct Time Zone. Click on your Time zone and ensure that you have selected the correct Hardware Clock setting. Click Accept to return to the Installations Settings Screen.

Tip: For countries with Daylight Saving, we recommend that you set the BIOS clock to GMT and select Hardware clock set to UTC (GMT).

enu below.

Installation Settings

Perform Installation

Warning:

YaSTZ has obtained all the information required to install SuSE Linux. The installation will be carried out according to settings made in the previous dialogs To commit the installation and all choices made so far, choose "Yes' Choose "No" to return to the previous dialog.

enu below.

Start installation1?

Yes,-install

English (US)

Abort Installation

Figure 1-56 Suse 8.0 - Ready to start installation tare Virtual S1

25.Once all settings are correct, we can proceed with the installation. Click Accept to start the install.

You will be prompted to confirm that the installation can be done. Click Yes to proceed with the installation as shown in Figure 1-56 on page 80.

■ Current Package -giibc-devel lllllllll

Current Package

♦ glibc-devel Description

♦ Libraries for the C compiler Size

r Installation -

Time remaining (estimated)

CD 1

26:18

llllll

36%

CD 2

06:33

CD 3

09:49

CD 4

03:07

CD 5

---

CD 6

---

CD 7

---

Tota

45:47

Installation Log (Extract)

automake---Tool tor automatically generating GNU style Makefile.in's bin86 --- 8086 assembler and linker binutils---GNU binutils gcc---The GNU C compiler and support files gettext---Tools for National Language Support (NLS)

glibc-devel---Libraries for the C compiler

Back

Abort

Next

Figure 1-57 SuSE 8.0 - Package installation

26.You will see several screens as your partitions are formatted, then the actual installation will start. You will be shown the packages as they are installed. As a package completes, a line is added to the Installation Log window shown in Figure 1-57 on page 81.

Figure 1-58 SuSE 8.0 - Finishing Basic Installation

27.Once the basic installation is complete, several tasks are performed. These can be seen in the background of Figure 1-58 on page 82.

Partway through these tasks, a message - shown in the foreground of Figure 1 -58 - will be displayed stating that the LILO Boot sector has been written. LILO is the boot manager used by most Linux distributions. The boot manager is the same as the NTLDR on a Windows NT/2000 machine, but it is a lot more powerful than the Microsoft equivalent. Click OK to continue with the installation.

Figure 1-59 SuSE 8.0 - System administrator password

28.The screen will switch to text mode and several lines will scroll across it as subsystem are started. If the next CD is required, you will be prompted to insert it. Click OK once the correct CD is loaded. Repeat this process for all remaining CDs.

Next, you will be prompted for the System Administrator (root) password as shown in Figure 1-59 on page 83. Enter the password you want to set for user root. The root user is also known as the Super User and is equivalent to the NT Administrator account. This account has full control over the system.

Enter the password then click Expert Options to change security settings.

Figure 1-60 SuSE S.0 - MD5 password option

29.Select MD5 for Password Encryption, click OK then click Next.

Figure 1-61 SuSE 8.0 - Add a new user

30.Add a Domino user to the system. Once you have entered all the required information, click Next to continue.

Tip: After filling in the requisite information, you can click the Additional users/groups button. Click the Group tab, create a group called notes, and add the user account you just created (itsodom6 in our case) to the notes group. This will ensure that your user and group are ready for the Domino 6 installation.

Figure 1-62 SuSE 8.0 - Configure Monitor

31.On the next few screens your monitor and video card will be configured. As shown on the next screen, the installer tries to determine itself which monitor you have attached to your system.

If the installer was not able to determine your monitor, you can select it from the list of monitors. If you have the monitor driver disk that came with your monitor, you can insert that and let the settings be read from the diskette. Click on Driver disk to make use of this feature. If your monitor is not listed, use VESA since most monitors comply with this standard.

Once your selection is made, click Next to Proceed.

Figure 1-63 SuSE 8.0 - Desktop Settings

32.Figure 1-63 on page 87 is displayed if the video card in your machine and its capabilities could be determined. If the settings are incorrect, click Change. Pick a resolution that is as high as your monitor can display or that is comfortable for you. Linux displays are quite big and so work better at 1024x768 or higher resolutions.

Click Next to continue - this will automatically test your settings.

Figure 1-64 SuSE S.0 - Installation Settings

33.The Installation Settings screen will be displayed as shown in Figure 1-64 on page 88. Here, you can configure various peripherals, such as Networking, Printers, Modems, and so forth. We need to configure our network interface. Click on Network interfaces to change its settings.

Figure 1-65 SuSE 8.0 - Network cards configuration

34.A list of detected network cards installed in your system will be displayed as shown in Figure 1-65 on page 89. Click on the name of the network card you would like to configure then click Configure.

Figure 1-66 SuSE 8.0 - Network address setup

35.Change to Static address setup and enter the IP Address and Subnet Mask in the fields provided. Once your settings are correct, click on the Host name and name server button.

r Host name and domain name -Host name Domain name

|itsosuse |lotus.com

□ Change host name via DHCP

Insert the host name Host name and name server configuration and domain name for your computer. Name server list and domain search list are optional.

A name seiver is a computer that translates host names Into IP addresses. This value must be entered as an IP address (e.g., 10.10.0.1), not as a host name.

Search domain is the domain name where host name searching starts. The primary search domain is usually the same as the domain name of your rnrmni itpr {p Q

Figure 1-67 SuSE 8.0 - Host name and name server configuration

36.Enter the Host name and Domain Name of your system, the Name Server IP Addresses, and any additional domains to search in the Domain Search List. Click Next to return to the Network Address Setup screen.

Figure 1-67 SuSE 8.0 - Host name and name server configuration

Figure 1-68 SuSE 8.0 - Routing Configuration

37.Before you configure another card, click on the Routing button shown back in Figure 1 -66 on page 90 and enter the Default gateway for your network see Figure 1 -68 on page 92. Click Next and click Next again to return to the Network Card Configuration Screen shown in Figure 1-69 on page 93.

Figure 1-69 SuSE 8.0 - Network card configured

You can repeat these steps to configure additional network cards installed in your system. Click Finish to return to the Installation Settings.

You can configure the other peripherals listed in Figure 1-64 on page 88. We will continue with the installation by clicking Next.

SuSE Linux 8.0 (itsosuse)

SuSE Linux 8.0 (itsosuse)

Login: iitsodornS

Passwoi |""""j

Ses an Type:

Login: iitsodornS

Passwoi |""""j

Ses an Type:

(previous)

Go!

Clear

Menu -r

Figure 1 - 70 SuSE 8.0 - Graphical log in

38.The configuration of your system is written to disk. A window will appear to inform you that the configuration has been saved successfully. Let it time out to start up the system. Several lines of text will scroll across your monitor as the system is started.

Once the system has loaded, you are ready to log in with the account you created during installation, as shown in Figure 1-70 on page 94.

Step 1 : Welrome to SuSE Linux

Welcome to SuSE Linux 8.0

Welcome to SuSE Linux 8.0

The SuSE tour

The SuSE home page

Figure 1-71 SuSE 8.0 - Welcome to Linux

Linux was never easierto use

SuSE Linux 8.0 provides a modern and cornfortable Linux system. It Is Intuitive enough for novices, but still sufficiently flexible and powerful for experts. Taking the SuSE tour or exploring the web pages gives an Ideaof the features included.

The SuSE tour

The SuSE home page

The free installation support

The extensive and informative SuSE support database

The unique SuSE hardware database Release Notss

Figure 1-71 SuSE 8.0 - Welcome to Linux

39.KDE will load, and then you will see the desktop Settings wizard shown in Figure 1-71 on page 95. Click Next to accept the default settings then click Finish to close the wizard.

This completes the SuSE 8.0 Installation process.

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