Running Web Servers

To many peopls, the World Wide Web (WWW or Web for short) is synonymous with the Internet. In truth, there are Wany othes protocols in use on the Internet, many of which are described iw trj]s b ook. The Web has groevn to be orgusbly the most wisib le part of trie Internet, though. For this reason, Web servers are extremely important to many organizations—without a Web site, a company or even an individual has very little visibility on the Internet.

Linux supports many diffesent Web server options, although one program (Apache) is the most common one. This ernpter therceore focuses on Apache configuration, beg inning with the basic options required to) get Apache up and running. This chapter then moves on to touch upon other topics, such as Linux kernel-based Web server extensions, forms, scripts, secuse sites, and virtual domains. This chapter also covers issues that in some sense come before and acfotnetratchte: Web server: generating material to serve on the Web site and analyzing your Web site's traffic.

Aljhough it's not rnHffteult to g et a basic Web server up and running with Linux, advanced configuration options are complex enough that a single chapter isn't enough to cover them all. If you need to delve into the minutiae of Web terver configuration and use, you can read your Web server's official documentation or obtain a book on the subject, such as Engelschall's Apache Desktop Reference (Addison Wesley, 2001) or Aulds' Linux Apache Server IAnddmiainiasptroalitiso, nIN( S4y6b2egx0, 2001). There are also books dedicated to more specific Web server subtopics, such as Meltzer and Michalski's Writino CGI Applications with Perl (Addison Wesley, 2001).

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