Creating New Filesystems

Just creating partitions isn't enough to make them useful in Linux. To make them useful, you must create a filesystem on the partition. (A task that's also sometimes called formatting a partition.) Linux uses the mkfs program to accomplish this task. This tool has the following syntax mkfs -V -t fstype options device blocks mkfs is actually just a front-end to tools that do the real work for specific filesystems, such as mke2fs (also known as mkfs.ext2). You can call these tools directly if you...

Answers to Assessment Test

C. mkfs is a tool for creating a new filesystem, which is something you're likely to need to do in an emergency recovery situation. fdformat does a low-level format on a floppy disk, WordPerfect is a word processor, and traceroute helps diagnose network connectivity problems. You're unlikely to need to use any of these tools from an emergency disk. See Chapter 9 for more information. 2. D. Swap space is being used lightly, and so it isn't degrading system performance. The available swap space...

Logical block addressing LBA See linear block addressing LBA

Logical partition A type of x86 hard disk partition that has no entry in the primary partition table. Instead, logical partitions are carried within an extended partition. loop A programming or scripting construct allowing multiple executions of a segment of code. Typically terminated through the use of a conditional expression. MAC address See Media Access Control (MAC) address. machine name The portion of a hostname that identifies a computer on a network, as opposed to the network as a whole...

Peripheral Interface Problems

There are a handful of interfaces used for most peripherals. In addition to the EIDE and SCSI interfaces discussed earlier in this chapter, common interfaces include the following Floppy x86 computers include a floppy interface that can control up to two floppy drives. These interfaces are very mature, so the Linux drivers seldom cause problems. One configuration detail to which you may need to attend is enabling the port in your computer's BIOS setup screen. If this is not enabled, Linux might...

Review Questions

Which of the following are typical workstation tasks (Choose all that apply.) D. Running scientific simulations 2. A computer is to be used to capture 640 x 480 images of a room every 10 minutes and then store them for a day on hard disk. Which of the following components might you research before building such a computer A. A 21-inch monitor for viewing the images B. A high-end SCSI disk to store the images quickly C. A 3D graphics card to render the image of the room D. USB support for a...

Rundown of Linux Distributions

Within the Linux world, there exist several distributions. A distribution is a compilation of a Linux kernel, startup scripts, configuration files, and critical support software. Distributions also include some type of installation routine so that you can get a working Linux system. Any two distributions may use different versions of any or all of these components, which will produce distinctly different feels. Critical components, though, such as the kernel and certain support software, come...