chflags(l) is the BSD equivalent of the Linux chattr(1) command. File flags (attributes) provide extensions to the UNIX file permissions of read, write, and execute. They can be used to prevent even the superuser from modifying or deleting sensitive files.
For example, setting the schg (system change/immutable) flag can help protect against rootkits by preventing operating system binaries from being deleted or modified:
chflags schg -R /bin /sbin /usr/bin /usr/sbin
In Linux, lsattr(l) is used to view file attributes. In BSD, you instead add the o switch to a long listing, as seen in Figure C-2. The schg indicates that this binary has the system immutable flag set. Only the superuser can remove this flag and, depending upon the securelevel, he or she may have to drop the system down to single-user mode in order to do so.
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