In its most important role, Samba is a file server that offers access to shared directories and offers the option to authenticate users who access these directories. To configure a Samba server, you need several parts. Before we dive into its configuration, you should realize what elements are always needed in a Samba environment:
• A directory on the local file system
• One or more users who have local Linux permissions on that local file system
• A share that gives network access to the shared directory
• A user database on which Windows users can authenticate
• Some services that give access to the shared directory
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