Performing Essential Tasks in the File System

Now that you know which directories are important on your server, the next step is to find out how to manage the files in these directories. The easiest way to do this is by means of a graphical file manager such as GNOME's Nautilus. You don't need a book to learn how to work with it; just click the icon of your home folder on the desktop, and it will start, displaying the contents of your home folder to you. As an alternative, you can also select the Computer menu (from now on, I'll call it the GNOME menu) and then select More Applications > Browse > File Manager > Nautilus, which will also open the file manager for you, as shown in Figure 2-7. An alternative file manager is KDE's Kon-queror, which you can start from the same menu, if you have chosen to install the KDE software on your server.

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Figure 2-7. In GNOME, you can use Nautilus for file management.

After starting the Nautilus file manager, you have three ways of working with your files. First, you can right-click items displayed by the file manager. This will open a quick menu (see Figure 2-8). This menu gives you access to the most common options for that particular item, as well as the properties of the item. By selecting Sharing Options, for example, it is easy to share the file across the network. Next, you can use the buttons in the button bar, although they are not as useful as the other options. Last, you can work from the Nautilus menus, where all options that are available for the selected item are offered as well. In these menus, you will find options to copy or move files, as well as options to make a connection to other servers in your network.

Figure 2-8. You can access the most relevant file management options by right-clicking the file or directory.

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