Minix is a UNIX-like OS with open source code that Professor Andrew S. Tanenbaum created with the intention to teach his students the internal processes of an OS.
Linux was initially designed to be a Minix-like operating system that Linus Torvalds could use on his home computer. By mid-September, Torvalds released the first Linux kernel version 0.01. In 1994, the Linux kernel version 1.0 was released under the GNU GPL. The free kernel and GNU tools provided a fertile environment for enthusiasts. By staying close to its UNIX roots, Linux provided a command line interface first; the adaptation of the X Window System made a graphical user interface (GUI) available at a later stage.
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