Before editing any important system or software service configuration file, make a backup copy. Then make sure to launch your text editor with line wrapping disabled. If you edit a configuration file without disabling line wrapping, you could insert spurious carriage returns and line feeds into its contents, causing the configured service to fail when restarting. By convention, nearly all configuration files are formatted for 80-character text width, but this is not always the case. By default, the vi and emacs editors don't use line wrap.

You can use sudo to assign specific users permission to perform specific tasks (similar to BSD UNIX and its "wheel" group of users). The sudo command works by first examining the file named sudoers under the /etc directory; you modify this file with the visudo command. See the section "Granting Root Privileges on OccasionThe sudo Command" in Chapter 14, "Managing Users," for details on how to configure and use sudo.

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