As with deployment and installation of Linux, partitioning your hard drive to accept Ubuntu requires some forethought, especially if the target computer is going to be used other than as a home PC on which to learn Linux. If Linux is to be the only resident operating system, you can have the installer automatically create and use a partition scheme according to the type of installation you select during the install. If you plan to have a dual-boot system in which you can boot Linux or another operating system, you have to manually partition your hard drive before and possibly during the install.
The simplest and most basic partitioning scheme for a Linux system requires a Linux native root partition and a swap partition. On a single-drive system with 12GB storage and 512MB RAM, the scheme might look like this:
Hard Drive Partition Mount Point Size /dev/hda1 / 10.74GB
/dev/hda2 swap 1GB
On a system running Windows, the scheme might look like this:
Hard Drive Partition
Size 4 GB
/dev/hdal /dev/hda2 /dev/hda3
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