Now that your smb.conf file is correctly configured, you can start your Samba server daemon. This can be done with the /usr/sbin/smbd command, which (with no options) starts the Samba server with all the defaults. The most common option you will change in this command is the location of the smb.conf file; you change this option if you don't want to use the default location /etc/smb/smb.conf. The -s option allows you to change the smb.conf file Samba uses; this option is also useful for testing whether a new smb.conf file actually works. Another useful option is the -l option, which specifies the log file Samba uses to store information.
To start, stop, or restart Samba from the command line, use the /etc/init.d/samba script with a proper keyword, such as start, like so:
$ sudo /etc/init.d/samba start
Using the smbstatus Command
The smbstatus command reports on the current status of your Samba connections. The syntax is as follows:
Table 22.2 shows some of the available options
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