The X Window System

Although much technical information is available on the Internet regarding the X Window System, finding answers to specific questions when troubleshooting can prove problematic. If you are having a problem using X, first try to determine whether the problem is software or hardware related. When searching or asking for help (such as on Usenet's comp.os.linux.x newsgroup, which you can access through Google's Groups link; see the next section for other helpful Linux newsgroups), try to be as specific as possible. Some critical factors or information needed to adequately assess a problem include the Linux distribution in use; the kernel version used; the version of X used; the brand, name, and model of your video card; the names, brands, and models of your monitor and other related hardware.

This section lists just some of the basic resources for Linux XFree86 users. Definitive technical information regarding X is available from http://www.X.org:

http://www.lesstif.org/ Home page for the GPL'd OSF/Motif clone, LessTif

http://www.motifzone.net Site for download of the open-source version of Motif for Linux, Open Motif

http://www.rahul.net/kenton/index.shtml Ken Lee's X and Motif website with numerous links to tutorial, development, and other information about X

http://www.x.org Home page for X.org, the X server used in Ubuntu

http://www.xig.com/ Home page for a commercial version of X for Linux (along with other software products)

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Usenet Newsgroups

Linux-related Usenet newsgroups are another good source of information if you're having trouble using Linux. If your ISP does not offer a comprehensive selection of Linux newsgroups, you can browse to http://groups.google.com/.

The primary Linux and Linux-related newsgroups are as follows:

• ait.os.iinux.diai-up Using PPP for dial-up

• ait.os.iinux.mandriva All about Mandriva Linux

• ait.os.iinux.siackware Using Slackware Linux

• ait.os.iinux.ubuntu Using Ubuntu Linux

• comp.os.iinux.advocacy Heated discussions about Linux and other related issues

• comp.os.iinux.aipha Using Linux on the Alpha CPU

• comp.os.iinux.announce General Linux announcements

• comp.os.iinux.answers Releases of new Linux FAQs and other information

• comp.os.iinux.deveiopment.apps Using Linux development tools

• comp.os.iinux.deveiopment.system Building the Linux kernel

• comp.os.iinux.embedded Linux embedded device development

• comp.os.iinux.hardware Configuring Linux for various hardware devices

• comp.os.iinux.m68k Linux on Motorola's 68K-family CPUs

• comp.os.iinux.misc Miscellaneous Linux topics

• comp.os.iinux.networking Networking and Linux

• comp.os.iinux.portabie Using Linux on laptops

• comp.os.iinux.powerpc Using PPC Linux

• comp.os.iinux.security Linux security issues

• comp.os.iinux.setup Linux installation topics

• comp.os.iinux.x Linux and the X Window System

• comp.windows.x.apps Using X-based clients

• comp.windows.x.i38 6unix X for Unix PCs

• comp.windows.x.intrinsics X Toolkit library topics

• comp.windows.x.kde Using KDE and X discussions

• comp.windows.x.motif All about Motif programming

• comp.windows.x Discussions about X

• linux.admin.* Two newsgroups for Linux administrators

• linux.debian.* 30 newsgroups about Debian

• linux.dev.* 25 or more Linux development newsgroups

• linux.help Get help with Linux

• linux.kernel The Linux kernel

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Mailing Lists

Mailing lists are interactive or digest-form electronic discussions about nearly any topic. To use a mailing list, you must generally send an email request to be subscribed to the list, and then verify the subscription with a return message from the master list mailer. After subscribing to an interactive form of list, each message sent to the list will appear in your email inbox. However, many lists provide a digest form of subscription in which a single- or half-day's traffic is condensed in a single message. The digest form is generally preferred unless you have set up electronic mail filtering.

The main Ubuntu mailing lists are detailed here, but there are quite a few Linux-related lists. You can search for nearly all online mailing lists by using a typical mailing list search web page, such as the one at http://www.lsoft.com/lists/list q.html.

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