Contents

M.2 Detecting and Recovering From OOM 700

M.2.1 Function: out_of_memory() 700

M.2.2 Function: oom_kill() 701

M.2.3 Function: select_bad_process() 702

M.2.4 Function: badness() 703

M.2.5 Function: oom_kill_task() 704

M.2.1 Function: out_of_memory() (mm/oomkill.c) 202 void out_of_memory(void)

204 static unsigned long first, last, count, lastkill;

205 unsigned long now, since;

211 return;

213 now = jiffies;

223 goto reset;

231 return;

238 return;

245 since = now - lastkill;

247 return;

252 lastkill = now;

255 reset:

210-211 If there are available swap slots, the system has no OOM.

213-215 Records what time it is now in jiffies and determines how long it has been since this function was last called.

222-223 If it has been more than 5 seconds since this function was last called, this resets the timer and exits the function.

229-231 If it has been longer than a second since this function was last called, this exits the function. It is possible that I/O is in progress, which will complete soon.

237-238 If the function has not been called 10 times within the last short interval, the system is not yet OOM.

245-247 If a process has been killed within the last 5 seconds, this exits the function because the dying process is likely to free memory.

253 Ok, the system really is OOM, so it calls oom_kill() (See Section M.2.2) to select a process to kill.

This function first calls select_bad_process() to find a suitable process to kill.

Once found, the task list is traversed, and the oom_kill_task() is called for the selected process and all its threads.

172 static void oom_kill(void)

174 struct task_struct *p, *q;

176 read_lock(&tasklist_lock);

179 /* Found nothing?!?! Either we hang forever, or we panic. */

181 panic("Out of memory and no killable processes...\n");

183 /* kill all processes that share the ->mm (i.e. all threads) */

186 oom_kill_task(q);

188 read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);

191 * Make kswapd go out of the way, so "p" has a good chance of

192 * killing itself before someone else gets the chance to ask

193 * for more memory.

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