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e2fsck program, 393

e command, 196

:e filename command, 185

-e inode option, 383

-e option, 192

-E option, 189

-e pattern option, 189

e-mail. See mail

Edit button, ImageMagick, 146

Edit menu, Emacs, 187

editing bar behavior and menus, K Desktop

Environment (KDE), 87 command names, 188 configuration files, 529 diald settings, 115-118 gimprc files, 143 kernels, 319-322 membership in groups, 250-251 network cards, 359-361 network settings, 104-105 ownership of files and directories, 249-250 package archive sources, 35-36 screen size, X servers, 77-78 video cards, 358-359 -editor=EDITOR option, 149 editors, 566-571. See also text editors edlin line editor, 180 edquota command, 252-253 Effects button, ImageMagick, 147 egrep command, 189

eject man page, formatting file output, 176 ELF language. See Extended Language Facility Emacs text editor, 186-187, 279 -emacskeys option, 149 embedding Perl documentation into source code, 266-267 -empty expression, 190 emulators, 29, 67, 140-142 enabling printers, 366 virtual hosting, 460-461 encrypt passwords parameter, 507-509 encrypted passwords, 398, 410, 507-508 encryption, tools for, 399-401 ending jobs, 300

Linux systems, 56-58 sessions, 56-58, 78, 85, 511 Enhance button, ImageMagick, 146 Enlightenment window manager, 81-83 enter command, 33 Enter key, 70, 151 entries, 284, 466, 472 environment variables, 275-276, 303-306 equals (=) sign, 310 erasing daemons, 334 directories, 52-54 files, 53-54

modules from kernels, 317 mounts, filesystems, 502 packages, 34 print jobs, 366 users from accounts, 246 Eric's Ultimate Solitaire, 230 ErrorDocument directive, 451-452 errors, 280, 298, 451 ESC+v command, 196 escaping special characters, 303 /etc directory, 44, 373 Ethernet cards, 100-101, 105 Eudora, 518

event logging, httpd.conf, 438-439 exclamation point (!), 421 exim configuration file, 521-525

exim mail server, 519-525 exit command, 42, 306 exiting

GNU Network Object Model Environment

(GNOME) sessions, 85 Samba sessions, 511 vi text editor, 185 windows, X systems, 78 exports file, 497-499 expressions, find command, 190 ext2 command, 59

Extended Language Facility (ELF), 166, 170-171 - - extended-regexp option, 189 extracting, files in packages, 34, 39

F1 key, 393 F3 key, 393 f command, 196, 256 F command, 256 -f file option, 189, 197, 383 -F filename option, 266 -f option anacron command, 201 cp command,55 dump command, 384 reboot, halt, and poweroff commands, 56 rm command, 53 shutdown command, 58 umount command, 502 -F option, 48, 58, 189, 420 F/X button, ImageMagick, 147 failog tool, 411 failures

CD autodetection, 28 hard drives, replacing, 358 hardware, 371-372, 392-394 kernel upgrades, 323 Samba session connections, 512 video detection, 29 FancyIndexing directive, 445-446 FAT. See File Allocation Tables features, bugs versus, 339-340 fetchmail, 123-124 fg command, 300-302 fg option, 500-501 fgrep command, 189

field descriptions, ftpconversion configuration file, 471-472

fields, crontab file, 199 File::Rsync module, 270 File::Sync module, 268 - - file=file option, 189 File Allocation Tables (FAT), 4 File button, ImageMagick, 146 file converters, 177-178

file servers, Network File System (NFS), 496-502 File Transfer Protocol (FTP), 127 File Transfer Protocol (ftp) clients, 127-128, 476-484

File Transfer Protocol (FTP) servers administering, 475-476 anonymous, 463-465 installing and configuring, 465-475 filenames, displaying, 516 files access.conf, 453-455, 457 accessing, 84, 246-251, 305 adding text to, vi text editor, 181 aliases, 486, 530-531, 538 audio, formats of, 206-207 backing up. See backups bugs in, 337-341

case sensitivity of names, 42, 304 choosing, gftp clients, 482 .class, 273 configuring, 529 copying, 54-56 crontab, 199-200 /dev/null, 296 dialin.config, 129

downloading, 152, 433, 480-481, 483

exports, 497-499

extracting from packages, 34, 39

ftpaccess, 467-471

ftpchroot, 466

ftpconversions, 471-472

ftpservers, 472

ftpusers, 465-466

gimprc, changing, 143

group, 243-244, 486

Headers, 446-447

hidden, viewing directories containing, 53

hosts, 486

hosts.allow, 496

hosts.deny, 496

.htaccess, 458-459

Continued files (continued) htpassword, 459 http.conf, 434-444, 458 interfaces, 104 JAR, 276

Linux Boot Loader (LILO) configuration, testing and installing, 327-328 listing paths of, 191 log, 255-257, 466, 472, 475 login.config, 129 mgetty.config, 129 mime.types, 449 moving, 54 MP3, 209-210 navigating, 48-46 netgroup, 486 networks, 486 opening, vi text editor, 180 passwd, 242-243, 486 password, 459, 508 patterns within, finding, 188-189 PostScript, reading output, 147 preferences, Netscape browser, 154 printcap, 367-368 proftpd.conf, 473-475 protocols, 486 Readme, 446-447 removing, 53-54 restoring, 390, 392-394 rpc, 486

saving, commands for, 185 searching through, 184 services, 486

setting permissions, 246-251 shadow, 486 shared, 486

sharing, 209-210, 502-516

skel, 245-246

smb.conf, 504-507

srm.conf, 444-452, 457

StarOffice installation, downloading from

Internet, 158 storage, establishing quotas for, 251-254 tar, 38-39 tar.gz, 271-272

text, publishing documents with, 174-177 transferring across networks, 127-128 updating with package-management system,

341-346 video, formats of, 215 viewing, 194-195

filesystems, 4, 59, 374 filtering, print jobs, 365 find command, 189-191 find option, 390 finding current paths of directories, 51-52 entries, C and C++ documentation, 284 files, 43-45, 184, 189-191, 266 global settings, Lynx browser, 150 Linux documentation, 45-47 lists of commands, 515 modules for current kernel, 316 patterns within files, 188-189 saved bookmarks lists, 480 security programs on Internet, 404 fingerd command, 245 FIPS. See First Nondestructive Interactive Partitioning System firewalls accessing Internet through, 428-430 adding second network card, 417-419 configuring, 419-425 described, 415-416 hardware requirements, 416-417 locking down, 425-426 Squid Proxy Service, 426-428 First Nondestructive Interactive Partitioning System (FIPS) (on the CD), 15

- - fixed-strings option, 189 flags, route command, 110 /floppy directory, 44 floppy disks, 16, 373-374 -follow expression, 190

fonts, installing on X servers, 68-69

- - force option, 53, 55 formats audio files, 206-207

documents, choosing when saving, 173 output, Groff, 176 video files, 215-216 formatting file output, eject man page, 176

Linux partitions, 18-19

operating system kernels and modules,

19-20 swap partitions, 18 formatting codes, inserting into text documents,

174-177 forward slash. See slash forward-socket application, 387 forwarding mail, 531

frame buffers, 214

Free Software Foundation, 5, 8, 186

Freecell, 228

FreeCiv, 225-228

FreeDOS, 135

frequencies, refresh, 73

freshening packages, 38

fs category, 20, 316

fsck command, 326

fstab command, 59-60

-fstype type expression, 190

FTP. See File Transfer Protocol ftp client, 127, 476-478

FTP clients. See File Transfer Protocol clients FTP servers. See File Transfer Protocol servers -ftp option, 149

ftpaccess configuration file, 467-471

ftpchroot configuration file, 466

ftpconversions configuration file, 471-472

ftpcount utility, 476

ftpd server, 465-466

ftpservers configuration file, 472

ftpshut tool, 475-476

ftpusers configuration file, 465-467

ftpwho utility, 476

full backups, 372-373, 377, 389

full duplex mode, 203-204

functions install, 33

select, 33

update, 33

FVWM2 window manager, 80-81 FVWM window manager, 79-81

g++ programming language (on the CD), 540

G flag, 110

g identifier, 248

-g server option, 126

gadfly library, 279

Galaga, 221

games adventure, 220 arcade, 221-222 board, 222-223 card, 223-224 commercial, 229-233 GNOME, 228-229

graphical interfaces for, 217-218 multi-player, 226-228 simulation, 224

sound system requirements, 218-219 strategy, 225-226 system requirements, 231-231 gasp program, 283 Gataxx, 229 Gates, Bill, 6 gateways, 96 gcc program, 283 gcj compiler, 272-274 GD module, 267 gdb program, 283 Gem DropX, 221

General Graphics Interface (GGI), 218

General Public License (GPL), 186

get filename command, 477

gftp client, 127

gftp clients, 482-483

GGI. See General Graphics Interface

GhostScript, 363

gif2png file converter, 177

Gimp, 143-146

gimp-python library, 281

gimprc files, changing, 143

glitches, 339-340

global parameters, Samba, 507-511 global section, Samba configuration file, 507 global settings, Lynx browser, 150 Gnibbles, 229 Gnobotsll, 229

GNOME. See GNU Network Object Model

Environment Gnome apps task, 28 GNOME Batalla Naval, 229 GNOME CD player, 207 Gnome desktop task, 28 GNOME Freecell, 223 GNOME games, 228-229 Gnome Net task, 28 Gnome Office, 172-174 GNOME Solitaire Games, 223 GNOME xBill, 229 gnome-apt, 36-37 GNOME-Stone, 228 GnomeCard address book, 120 GNOMEGNOME Gyahtzee, 222 GNOMEGNOME Hack, 220

GNOMEGNOME lagno, 222 GNOMEGNOME Mahjongg, 222 GNOMEGNOME xbill, 221 GNOMEhack, 229 GNOMEMines, 228 GNOMEtris, 229 gnosamba tool, 513-514 Gnotravex, 229

GNU General Public License (GPL), 5, 8, 539 GNU Network Object Model Environment (GNOME) (on the CD), 84-86, 159, 167, 540 GNU/Linux, benefits of, 7 GNU/Linux operating system, 5-7, 9 gnuhtml121atex file converter, 178 Gnumeric, 173

GnuPG::Interface module, 270

GNUPro Developers Kit. See GNUPro ETS

GNUPro ETS, 8

Go, 222

Go Fish, 223

gperf program, 283

GPL. See General Public License gpm service, problems controlling mouse after installing, 71 Gramofile, 210-211 graphical text editors, described, 179 graphical user interfaces (GUIs) choosing, 65-66 games, 217-218

X Window System. See X Window System graphics adapters, 348 graphics cards, 3-D, 68, 217 Graphics component, Applixware, 169-170 graphics programs, 143-147, 163, 169-170,

571-577 greater than sign (>), 310 grep command, 188-189 Grip CD player, 208-209 grip command, 208 Groff, 175-177 group files, 243-244, 486 -group groupname expression, 190 grouping commands, 296-298 files, 191-192

groups, changing membership in, 250-251 gsm format, 206

Gtali, 229

gtcd command, 207

Gtdclft library, 278

Gtk module, 267

gtop command, 257, 258

guest account parameter, 509

guest ok parameter, 509

guest only parameter, 509

GUI. See graphical user interfaces gzip command, 319

H command, 183

h field, 199

H flag, 110

H key, 151

-h level option, 383

-H option, 242

hackers, 397, 464

halt command, 56-57

HAM radios, 349

handlers, AddHandler directive, 450 hard disks, 348

adding to current system, 357-358 backing up data from, 15 as backup medium, 376-377 booting Linux directly from, 24 described, 58

monitoring space on, 257-260 partitioning, 17-18 replacing, 357-358 hard drives. See hard disks hard limitation, 252-253 Hard option, 499

hardware. See also specific hardware devices compatibility with Linux, 347-353 crashes of, recovering data, 392-394 described, 3

planning for failures, 371-372 preparing for Debian/GNU installation, 13-15 requirements for firewalls, 416-417 hash. See pound sign headers, kernels, 318 Headers file, 446-447 heads, 58 Heavy Gear II, 230 Helix-GNOME, 86

help, 121, 171

Help button, ImageMagick, 147

- - help expression, 190 -help option, 149

Heroes of Might and Magic III, 230 hidden files directory, viewing, 53 hide dot files parameter, 509 /home directory, 44, 373 [home] section, Samba configuration file,

507-508 HOME variable, 304 -homepage=URL option, 149 host names, 96-97, 120, 440 hosting, 105, 460-461 hosts file, 486 hosts.allow file, 496 hosts.deny, 496 hour field, 199 .HP macro, 177 .htaccess file, 458-459 htlm12ps file converter, 178 htlmgen library, 279 HTML. See Hypertext Markup Language HTML Author tool, 170 html output format, 176 htpassword file, 459 HTTP. See Hypertext Transfer Protocol httpd.conf, 434-444, 458 hubs, 100-101, 103

- - human-readable, 259-260 Hungry Minds Customer Service, 541 Hunt the Wumpus, 220

Hurd of Interfaces Representing Depth (HURD), 5 Hypertext Markup Language (HTML), tools creating documents in, 163, 170 Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), 432

i command, 181, 256

I command, 33, 181

-i parameter, 420

Iagno, 229

IANA. See Internet Assigned Numbers Authority IBM, 6

Icecast, 212-213

IceWM-GNOME window manager, 29

Icon bar, Applixware, 167

icon directives, 445-446

identifiers, file and directory permissions, 248

idle child server, 441

idle library, 279

- - idle option, 262 if statement, 333 ifconfig command, 106-108 ifdown -a command, 104 ifstatus tool, 405

Image component, StarOffice, 163

Image Edit button, ImageMagick, 147

ImageMagick, 146-147

IMAP. See Internet Mail Access Protocol imap mail server, 519

imap-file handler, 450

-iname pattern expression, 190

incoming directories, 464

incremental backups, 372-373, 377, 389-390

-index=URL option, 149

IndexIgnore directive, 447

inetd daemons, 425, 435

inetd.conf entry, 466, 472

info command, 47

info libc "Function Iindex" function command, 284

info2www file converter, 177 init command, 76, 328-331 initialization scripts, 331-334 initializing

Debian GNU/Linux operating system,

328-334 Linux partitions, 18-19 operating system kernels and modules,

19-20 swap partitions, 18

- - inodes option, 260 input, commands, 295 input devices, 348 input/output utilities, 609-616 insecure option, 498

insert command, 33

Insert mode, vi text editor, 181

inserting, formatting codes into text documents,

174-177 insmod command, 497

Install the Base System option, 23 install command, 33 install function, 33 installing

Apache Web Server (on the CD), 432-434 applications, 133-134 Applixware, 166-167 base system, 22-23

Comprehensive Perl Archive Network (CPAN)

modules, 271-272 Debian GNU/Linux. See installing Debian

GNU/Linux Debian modules, 271 desktops, 84-88 display managers, 69 DOSEMU, 135-136 Emacs, 186

exim mail servers, 520-521 experimental versions of kernels, 316 File Transfer Protocol (FTP) servers, 465-475 fonts, X servers, 68-69 Gimp, 143

GNU Network Object Model Environment

(GNOME), 84-85 gpm service, problems controlling mouse after, 71 ImageMagick, 146

Internet Mail Access Protocol (IMAP), 536 Java libraries, 275 K Desktop Environment (KDE), 86 kernel headers, 318 kernels, 322-324

Linux Boot Loader (LILO) configuration files,

327-328 mgetty package, 129-130 modules in kernels, 317-318 Mozilla browser, 151 Netscape browser, 154 Network File System (NFS), 496-497 packages, 34, 37-39 Post Office Protocol (POP), 534-535 programs from CD, troubleshooting, 541 Python libraries, 279-282 quotas, 251-252 Samba, 503 sendmail, 525-528 StarOffice, 158-159 tar packages, 38-39 video cards, 73

VMware, 141-142 window managers, 79-83 Wine Is Not an Emulator (Wine), 136 X servers, 66-67 installing Debian GNU/Linux backing up data, 15 booting from the CD, 16 booting Linux directly from hard drive, 24 configuring base system, 23-24 configuring Debian system, 25-31 configuring device driver modules, 20-21 configuring keyboards, 17 configuring networks, 21-22 deb packages, 32-37 initializing operating system kernel and modules, 19-20 initializing partitions, 18-19 installing base system, 22-23 partitioning hard disks, 17-18 preparing hardware for, 13-15 Intel i386 processor, 5 - - interactive option, 53, 55 interface option, 107 interfaces

Application Program (API), 136 General Graphics (GGI), 218 graphical, games, 217-218 lo, 104 printop, 366

Super VGA library (SBGALIB), 218 user, 4 interfaces file, 104 internal port, 204 Internet accessing through proxies, 426-430 changing source from CD to, 36 connecting to through Internet Service

Providers (ISPs), 113-118 cracker attacks from, 398 dialing into offices via modems from,

129-130 domain names, 97

downloading StarOffice installation files, 158

e-mail clients, 118-124

File Transfer Protocol (FTP) clients, 127-128

news clients, 125-127

searching for security programs, 404

security resource information on, 413-414

telnet daemon, 128-129

updating files with package-management system, 341-346 Web browsers, 118, 148-154 Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (1ANA), 93 Internet mail, 533

Internet Mail Access Protocol (IMAP), 517-519, 536-537

Internet Protocol (IP), 22, 93, 416 Internet Protocol (IP) addresses, 93-95, 105, 460-461

Internet Protocol (IP) packets, 92-93 Internet Security Scanner (ISS), 403-404 Internet Service Providers (ISPs), 93, 113-118 interpreters, 272-273, 294, 307 Intr option, 500

invalid user parameter, 507, 509 1O:Pty module, 268 Iomega drives, 361-362, 377 IP. See Internet Protocol .IP macro, 177

IP packets. See Internet Protocol packets ipchains, configuring firewalls with, 419-422

ipopd server, 534-535

ipv4 category, 21, 316

ipv6 category, 21, 316

ISDN adapters, 348-349

isof tool, 404

ISP. See Internet Service Provider ISS. See Internet Security Scanner itc13.1 library, 278 itd, 13.1-dev library, 278

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