Changing the Root Window Parameters

By default, the root window background is painted gray with a weaved pattern. To draw these patterns, X tiles the root window with a bitmap, which is a black-and-white image stored in a special file format. X comes with some bitmaps installed in the "/usr/X11R6/include/bitmaps/' directory; the default bitmap file is "root_weave' (you can make your own patterns with the bitmap tool; see Interactive Image Editors and Tools).

Use xsetroot to change the color and bitmap pattern in the root window.

To change the color, use the "-solid' option, and give the name of the color to use as an argument. (Use xcolors to get a list of possible color names; see section Specifying Window Colors.)

• To change the root window color to blue violet, type:

$ xsetroot -solid blueviolet RET To change the root window pattern, use the "-bitmap' option, and give the name of the bitmap file to use.

• To tile the root window with a star pattern, type:

$ xsetroot -bitmap /usr/X11R6/include/bitmaps/star RET

When specifying a pattern, use the "-fg' and "-bg' options to specify the foreground and background colors.

• To tile the root window with a light slate gray star pattern on a black background, type (all on one line):

$ xsetroot -fg slategray2 -bg black -bitmap /usr/X11R6/include/bitmaps/star RET

Use xsetroot with the special "-gray' option to change the root window to a shade of gray designed to be easy on the eyes, with no pattern.

• To make the root window a gray color with no pattern, type:

$ xsetroot -gray RET

NOTE: You can also put an image in the window (although this consumes memory that could be spared for a memory-hogging Web browser instead; but see Putting an Image in the Root Window, for how to do it).

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Understanding Adobe Photoshop Features You Will Use

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Adobe Photoshop can be a complex tool only because you can do so much with it, however for in this video series, we're going to keep it as simple as possible. In fact, in this video you'll see an overview of the few tools and Adobe Photoshop features we will use. When you see this video, you'll see how you can do so much with so few features, but you'll learn how to use them in depth in the future videos.

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